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Stop governing Middle East

There are many reasons of the incapacity of self-governing in Middle East. Choosing wrong side, misinterpreting the law to keep the governance, oil curse, etc. However, if we follow the chronological events in Middle East politics, it’s quite visible that they cannot self-govern themselves, because Western powers think Middle East should be governed by them.

The region has been disrupted by the interventions of USA and Europe since World War I. It’s already 101 years that Middle East has changed and this year incidentally comes upon the 1914, when Ottoman Empire has chosen the wrong side. As a result, the hegemony of Ottoman Empire dismantled and the rival forces took control of these little regions. Britain has already had Egypt since 1882, and after Ottoman defeat they grabbed Jordan, Iraq, Israel, Palestine, and so on. Meanwhile, France, controlling most of North Africa, grabbed Syria and Lebanon.

Since then, the West has been controlling most of the resources in Middle East, including oil, infrastructure, and law.

 

Peace USA

Though one of the tasks of CIA is to gather intelligence data, another `black` task is to overthrow the governors who are ‘hostile’ to the interests of USA.  After World War II, USA used CIA to create a military coup in Syria, to get rid of Mohammed Mossadegh in Iran,  to overthrow Qaddafi, Morsi, and now Bashar Al-Assad. In order to do this, US backed the rebels in the region with weapons and money to recruit many more people. All of these actions of USA and other behind curtain western powers created a chaos in Middle East. That’s exactly what is wanted, because within this chaos the Middle East cannot govern itself and West will always decide what is more `democratic` for the region.

In order to end this game, Jeffrey Sachs, Suggested Five Principles.

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-First, and most important, the US should end covert CIA operations aimed at toppling or destabilizing governments anywhere in the world. The CIA was created in 1947 with two mandates, one valid (intelligence gathering) and the other disastrous (covert operations to overthrow regimes deemed “hostile” to US interests). The US president can and should, by executive order, terminate CIA covert operations – and thereby end the legacy of blowback and mayhem that they have sustained, most notably in the Middle East.

-Second, the US should pursue its sometimes-valid foreign-policy objectives in the region through the United Nations Security Council. The current approach of building US-led “coalitions of the willing” has not only failed; it has also meant that even valid US objectives such as stopping the Islamic State are blocked by geopolitical rivalries. The US would gain much by putting its foreign-policy initiatives to the test of Security Council votes. When the Security Council rejected war in Iraq in 2003, the US would have been wise to abstain from invading. When Russia, a veto-wielding permanent member of the Council, opposed the US-backed overthrow of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, the US would have been wise to abstain from covert operations to topple him. And now, the entire Security Council would coalesce around a global (but not a US) plan to fight the Islamic State.

-Third, the US and Europe should accept the reality that democracy in the Middle East will produce many Islamist victories at the ballot box. Many of the elected Islamist regimes will fail, as many poorly performing governments do. They will be overturned at the next ballot, or in the streets, or even by local generals. But the repeated efforts of Britain, France, and the US to keep all Islamist governments out of power only block political maturation in the region, without actually succeeding or providing long-term benefits.

-Fourth, homegrown leaders from the Sahel through North Africa and the Middle East to Central Asia should recognize that the most important challenge facing the Islamic world today is the quality of education. The region lags far behind its middle-income counterparts in science, math, technology innovation, entrepreneurship, small business development, and (therefore) job creation. Without high-quality education, there is little prospect for economic prosperity and political stability anywhere.

-Finally, the region should address its exceptional vulnerability to environmental degradation and its overdependence on hydrocarbons, especially in view of the global shift to low-carbon energy. The Muslim-majority region from West Africa to Central Asia is the world’s largest populous dry region, a 5,000-mile (8,000 kilometers) swath of water stress, desertification, rising temperatures, and food insecurity.

Source: ForeignAffairs

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