Currently Syria is a place of bombs and guns – a place of war. The Syrians swim to cross the Mediterranean Sea searching for better life. Though some people couldn’t make it, most of them could successfully arrive to Turkey, Jordan, and Greece. Greece has become a hotspot country for the refugees, due to its direct entrance to Europe. As a result, most refugees have entered into Europe since.
This wave of refugees into Europe showed the European Union that it is not an actual Political Union, yet. A manageable immigrant influx has been transformed into a new political crisis because of two reasons: 1) EU members do not see each other as one, because they seek for their own state centered interests in this crisis; 2) The EU’s reaction towards the civil war in Syria was inappropriate and unsustainable.
Having no common immigration policy spoils the balance of refugee deployment. The inhumane condition faced by 350,000 refugees who are trying to get into Europe – while 2,600 died trying to reach the continent – requires the rapid development of an immigration pillar within the EU institutions to address this human security issue.
Moreover, the divide between Western European and Eastern European countries also has displayed that all states focus on their own interests. Consequently, while other players try to gain benefit from the crisis, asylum seekers become the main victims of inaction and lack of political coordination.
Firstly, the EU should have a common immigration policy that can balance the deployment of refugees in the union by also considering the preferences of both asylum seekers and states. Secondly, the EU should provide enough financial support to refugees in order for them to maintain their life standards in EU. Moreover, states need to provide free education (i.e. Fundamental German Courses to go to school) and free healthcare for children. Thirdly, the EU has to provide sufficient funding to Turkey, Jordan, and Lebanon to develop refugee camps. There are 4 million refugees living in those countries and they need to be funded by international players such as USA, EU, etc. Lastly, in order to integrate those half-a-million refugees, states should mobilize their civil society to support asylum seekers. For instance, NGOs can find accommodations for them, businesses can offer jobs for Syrian workers, language courses can offer low-price courses for refugees, etc.
As a conclusion, the EU should not only passively respond to the crisis in Syria, but it should react to the problem. There are two sides that destroy the land: Regime of Bashar-Al-Assad and different opposition groups such as the Kurds, ISIS, etc. History shows repeatedly that all these crises end the same way- by sitting at the table and negotiating. Therefore acting quickly is a factor of success. The EU has to show its leadership in solving this crisis. By creating ad-hoc group they have to come to an agreement. This is the only way to end this crisis.